Glossary:

Applmage – 

AppImage is a widely accepted software package format. With this, the user does not need any administrative permissions to install a particular software.

Arch linux – 

It is a linux distribution for Arm based OS. It runs with x86-64 processors. It helps in providing the latest versions of softwares on Linux Distributions.

Archive-corrupted error – 

It is an error encountered in Etcher while running on macOS Catalina system. It is related to some permission issues of Catalina.

Arm based OS – 

It refers to a system on a chip. It is more like an architecture for a computer system but with less instructions.

Authentication – 

It is a process through which a computer machine ensures that the rights entitled to the admin is practised by him only. It verifies the identity of a person.

BIOS menu –

It stands for Basic Input/Output System, it is the first software that runs when a computer system gets started. It acts as a channel from where your Operating System initializes.

Boot Error –  

It is a kind of error we get when there’s some problem in the BIOS, the loading of the Operating system encountered some failure due to a corrupted file or some missing file, which hampers the running of the OS.

Bootable USB – 

It is a physical device that is written with an .iso or .img file of your choice of OS and is ready to be used as an Operating System from the boot menu of your computer.

Booting – 

In simple words, booting implies the starting of a computer machine. In order to run OS, the computer runs Boot sequence which if executed is followed by the running of the OS.

Burning an Image – 

It refers to the writing of an image file like dd, .iso etc to a USB drive or SD card. The original file’s .iso gets entirely copied on the blank disk/drive that is inserted.

Command-Line –

In this, you write some commands into a terminal and then the program transfers those commands to the OS of your system from where it can be executed.

Cross-Platform – 

It means that an application runs on all the 3 major OS available, Windows, mac and Linux, thereby increasing its usability.

Clonezilla – 

It is a software that lets us perform image cloning, data recovery etc. It is a free and open-source program.

Cluster Size – 

Each and every file that gets stored on a computer is allocated with a minimum cluster size, which is the smallest space that a file can take up on a system.

CRC32 Checksum – 

It is a famous algorithm that is used to check the error detection in a digital network. It stands for Cyclic Redundancy Check.

Disk Cloning – 

Cloning a disk means to create a full xerox copy of the original hard disk/drive. It comprises bit-by-bit copy of the source to the copy.

Diskpart – 

It is a Windows Command Line tool that lets us decide and divide the partition and manage drives. It is available on all later versions since Windows 2000.

DRBL – 

It stands for Diskless remote boot in Linux. It is a software that lets you run a systemless environment, meaning you don’t have to install an actual Linux on your system.

Electron Framework – 

It is a very efficient and useful framework developed using C++, Python, Javascript etc. It lets the user develop desktop GUI applications using various web technologies like HTML, CSS and node.js.

FAT – 

This is one famous type of file system which stands for File Allocation System which was launched by Microsoft in 1996. 

File System – 

It is a way of organizing all the files and data on a computer system. Due to this organization, any file can be stored, and retrieved whenever needed.

Flash Memory Technology – 

It is a non-volatile memory that is used by flash storage. It is extremely fast and works on electronic memory.

Flashing the BIOS – 

Whenever there’s a need to update BIOS which is stored in the flash memory, complete wiping is done with the help of a flash utility(It will save the current BIOS and will update the new one).

Gnome Disk Utility – 

It is a Linux based tool that has its default presence in the system that lets us manage the partition and drive. It is a GUI tool.

Gparted – 

It is a GUI Linux-based application that lets the user perform disk partitioning. 

Graphical User Interface(GUI) – 

Though GUI, a user can interact with the OS of the machine. It lets you perform the difficult tasks in a more appreciable manner.

Hashing – 

It is a process for converting a piece of information into some mathematical key type representation. It is a very important concept to ensure that the source and the destination image matches.

Linux Distros – 

This is just a collection of various linux-based OS. Some examples are Ubuntu, Arch Linux, Fedora, Puppy Linux etc.

Live USB – 

It is just another name for bootable USB. It means that the USB is loaded with an Operating System that can be installed on any system.

MD5 Checksum – 

It stands for Message digest algorithm which returns a 128-bit hash value. It is used to ensure data integrity.

Mounting – 

Through this, an OS makes files and folders on a hard drive or a USB drive,so that the user can get access to them.

Node.js – 

It is a javascript framework that basically lets the user run Javascript outside the web browser in any code editor(VS code, Sublime etc), like many other programming languages.

NTFS – 

It stands for New Technology File System, it is a way through which a user can store, retrieve and locate files on an OS. It is the default File System of Windows.

Open-source software – 

Any software that is released by the manufactures to the public, so that everyone can contribute to the code and make it better than the already existing version.

Operating System(OS) – 

It is kind of an interface between the computer hardware and the user. We can interact with a machine because of its Operating System. It is responsible for managing computer hardware and software.

OS Image Files – 

There’s one executable file of the OS with the extension of .iso or .img, which is used to copy the same OS bit-by-bit on to a bootable drive or card.

Portable Version – 

It means that the particular software or the application need not to be installed in the system, it can run without installation. It is also known as Stand alone program.

Raspberry Pi – 

It is a small single chip computer that is used to learn and develop tools through programming.

Repository – 

A repository is like a storage site for your system from which it recovers and installs OS updates and applications.

SHA-1 Checksum –

It stands for Secure Hash Algorithm 1 returns a 160-bit hash value. It is one of the most reliable checksums for data validation.

System utility – 

It is a software package that adds more functionality to your system, like disk repair, file management, antivirus are some of the system utilities examples.

Third-party tools – 

The tools that are offered by some party/entity other than the ones who made it.

Tux2live – 

It is a tool that helps us in building a Linux live environment from the program in hard disk. It’s UI is super easy to work with.

UEFI – 

Unified Extensible Firmware Interface is a successor of BIOS. It is the first software that runs when a computer is turned on. 

User Experience(UX) – 

It is the feedback of a user based on using a particular UI.

User Interface(UI) – 

It is the process through which designers build the interface of an application user-friendly and appealing to the user.

Validation – 

It is a process adopted by any tool, through which it makes sure that the source and the result are truly identical to each other.

Web-Browser – 

It is a piece of software that lets the user establish a connection between the computer and the World Wide Web, and the web browser solves every query of the user by exploring the WWW to the core and giving information to the user.

32-bit – 

In simple terms,32-bit means the amount of information a CPU can process with each of its execution. 32 bit means processing 32 bits of data with each operation.

64-bit – 

In simple terms, 64-bit means the amount of information a CPU can process with each of its execution. 64 bit means processing 64 bits of data with each operation.

I thank you, for reaching the end and reading all that I have put for you. Help a brother out by commenting the terms you wish to see in the page or the ones you found difficult but couldn’t locate in the glossary. I and many readers will thank your gesture. 

Please let me know how else can we improve.

Regards,
Michael

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